In Formula 1, Formula1

Where do the F1 drivers live?

Professional athletes are true wanderers. To participate in various events, matches, tournaments, leagues, they travel continuously for most of the year.

There are some, however, that are more “wandering” than others. While soccer players, or basketball players, for example, are based in the city of the team they play for and only travel for the trip or in case they change teams, tennis players or drivers in Formula 1 or MotoGP are always on the road.

Let’s just take the Formula 1 as an example; the world’s most famous motorsport championship is a real traveling circus. It starts in March and ends in November, 9 months of races that run week after week touching 5 continents. One race weekend in Australia, and after 14 days we race in Europe, and then go to America and back to Europe and then Canada…in short, a real tour de force.

Formula 1 drivers therefore lead a fairly complicated life in terms of logistics, flying from one country to another nonstop.

That’s right, the stop. Where do they stop when they are not racing? Where is the base, the home of the drivers between races and in the break between one season and the next?

It is a question many people often ask us, one of those curiosities that is part of the glamour and allure surrounding Formula 1 and its protagonists especially after the release of the TV series Drive To Survive, which also highlighted the more personal and private side of the drivers and created a strong interest in aspects that perhaps until some time ago passed by in the background.

The answer to the question is quite simple: most of the F1 drivers, in fact, as well as many other very famous professional sportsmen, reside in Monaco, Monte Carlo, on the beautiful French Riviera.

Monte Carlo

But how come so many sportsmen and celebrities reside in Monaco?

The French Riviera is certainly a beautiful seaside place, with a very favorable and mild climate (it is never too hot in summer and winter is not cold at all), a very high quality of life, stores and boutiques of the most famous luxury brands, famous restaurants and clubs, and also logistically it is well located with respect to Europe and with a convenient and very functional airport, that of Nice.

But it is certainly not the climate, the sea and the luxury boutiques that make Monte Carlo such a popular destination especially for a specific target group of individuals who can reside in any climate paradise or city in the world and fly shopping wherever they like.

The main reason that makes Monaco such a popular residence for sportsmen and celebrities is mainly because of the friendly business environment and particularly favorable tax rules, making it a sort of tax haven . Monaco is in fact famous for not to expect personal income tax to be paid with the only exception of French citizens: residents are subject to a zero income tax regime and the same apply to surplus value or capital gains.

Till a few years ago, even the so-called and celebrated banking secrecy was part of the Monegasque “allure” for large landowners, who could accumulate large amounts of capital in the principality’s banks without being asked too many questions. Since the beginning of 2017, however, Monaco has also adhered to the principles of the European Court against money laundering and tax evasion, ensuring absolute transparency in intra- and extra-institutional communications.


The Monte carlo fiscal regime

Monaco has a very favorable tax regime, which is part of its appeal as a residence and business location. For example, the Principality does not have a Capital Gains Tax and does not levy net taxes, as other European countries do.

  1. Income Tax: Monaco residents do not typically pay personal income tax. The principality abolished it in 1869. This makes it an attractive residence for individuals with high income.
  2. Corporate Tax: Companies operating in Monaco are generally exempt from corporation tax if they earn at least 75% of their turnover within the Principality. Otherwise, they may be subject to a corporate tax of 33.33% on profits generated outside Monaco.
  3. Inheritance Taxes and Gift Taxes: This tax is levied on property transferred due to death or as a gift, and it’s payable by the recipient. The rates vary depending on the relationship between the deceased/donor and the beneficiary, ranging from 0% for direct descendants and ascendants, up to 16% for unrelated individuals.
  4. Value Added Tax (VAT): Monaco follows the French VAT system, with standard rates mirroring those of France.
  5. Social Security Contributions: Employers and employees in Monaco are required to make social security contributions.
  6. Property Tax: While there is no annual property tax on real estate in Monaco, there is a one-time tax for real estate transfers, except when transferred to a spouse, ascendant, or descendant.
  7. Wealth Tax: Monaco does not impose a wealth tax, which is another factor making it attractive for high-net-worth individuals.

why do f1 drivers live in monaco

A tax haven or a matter of privacy?

In addition to the celebrated fiscal reasons, there is also another reason for preferring exclusive Monaco to more “traditional” cities, and it has much to do with the privacy and tranquility of the aforementioned sportsmen. Always the residence of millionaires, international stars and cover faces, the Principality is so full of celebrities that moneguasques don’t even pay attention anymore. Sportsmen, actors and musicians can live a normal social life, thus go for coffee, take a walk or work out without being constantly surrounded by paparazzi, fans and onlookers looking for a shot or an autograph.

 Welcome to Monaco

The Principality of Monaco is an independent city-state in which the Grimaldi family has ruled since the 18th century; it is a hereditary constitutional monarchy, currently headed by Prince Albert II who holds the executive power, but who is flanked by a Minister of State, Pierre Dartout, who presides over the Council of Government, made up of five ministries (Interior, Finance and Economy, Social Affairs and Health, Infrastructure, Environment and Urban Planning, and International Relations.)

It is in fact a small city of about 37,000 inhabitants, covering an area of only 2.02km2. Most of the residents are not Monegasque, it seems there are even over 139 different nationalities residing there. Most of the residents are French and Italian, partly because of the proximity to both borders, but there are also many British.

The Formula 1 Monaco Grand Prix, which takes place among the curves and buildings of the Principality’s city streets, is certainly the city’s most famous and representative event, along with the Monte Carlo Rally, the Athletics Herculis and Monte Carlo Tennis Tournament.

The race track home to the historic Grand Prix is renowned for its tight turns and difficult driving conditions, and is always a formidable test for even the most experienced drivers. The presence of the harbor along the circuit, allows the beautiful and super-luxurious yachts to become real floating hospitality from which guests can watch the race. In the evening, they are then transformed into super-exclusive locations for the coolest parties of the season. The list of celebrities coming to Monte Carlo for the Grand Prix is truly unique, and has made this race the most glamorous and exclusive Grand Prix of the entire season.


Which F1 drivers live in Monaco?

Many Formula 1 drivers live in Monte Carlo, along with many very famous sportsmen, great champions of the past and various high income celebrities.

Among the most famous are 2022 F1 World Champion dutchman Max Verstappen, Ferrari’s Charles LeClerc (who is indeed Monegasque, born in the Principality and has always lived there since childhood), McLaren driver Lando NorrisSergio PerezValtteri BottasDaniel RicciardoAlex AlbonNico HulkenbergNyck De Vries  and some former F1 drivers such as Nico Rosberg, Jenson ButtonMark Webber and David Coulthard

Other drivers, on the other hand, remained “loyal” to their homeland and decided to stay there beyond taxation; Carlos Sainz lives in Spain, George Russell is a resident of the UK with a flat in London and properties in Cambridgeshire, still others are in Switzerland, such as Fernando Alonso, Esteban Ocon, Sebastian Vettel, and Michael Schumacher and then for example we have Pierre Gasly who decided to enjoy his days off in beautiful Milan, Italy.



What about Lewis Hamilton?

Lewis Hamilton was born and raised in the U.K., where he has all his family, so he often returns to London where he has a wonderful house that belonged to Burberry’s chief designer Christopher Bailey. He owns properties in various exclusive cities around the world such as Miami and New York City, where in 2019 he purchased a stunning penthouse that is part of a complex owned by NFL champion Tom Brady and his model wife Gisele Bundchen. However, it seems that Lewis Hamilton  main residence is actually Monaco. He was also recently conferred Brazilian citizenship of honor, so you never know we might see him move to Latin America sooner or later as well.

The place for global sports superstars

In general, however, we can say that Formula 1 drivers also reside in Europe to be closer to the teams’ Headquarters. The headquarters of McLaren, RedBull, Mercedes, Aston Martin, Alpine and Williams are in fact in the UK, while Ferrari is in Maranello, Italy, as is Alpha Tauri.

Many famous tennis players, among the highest paid athletes in the world, such as DjokovicSinnerZverevBerrettiniDimitrovGoffinCilic and Wawrinka also reside in Monaco. It is certainly an ideal place for them to train outdoors even in winter precisely because of a consistently mild and favourable climate. If they can then save some tax, it really becomes the perfect place.

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Silvia Schweiger
Silvia Schweiger
Associate Director, Executive Marketing and Commercial at RTR Sports Marketing, a London-based sports marketing company specializing in motorsport for over 25 years. For over 20 years, she has been supporting companies looking to invest in MotoGP, Formula 1 and Formula E to better engage and engage their target audience and achieve their marketing and communication goals. Graduated in Foreign Languages and Literature at the University of Padua, Master in Marketing and Communication in Milan, specialized in sales management in London, she is also involved in content creation. Without sports, life is boring
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